Tiruvaheendirapuram, the Sacred Abode of Lord DEVANATHA, is one of the ancient Vaishnavite temples and also one of the 108 Vaishnavite shrines sanctified by the visit of the great Alwars and Acharyas, held in great reverence by the devotees. The Alwar who has sung about this celestial place is Sri. Thirumangai Mannan, otherwise known as Sri. Parakala. This place is one of the two Nadunattu Tirupathis. It is situated 7 km west of Tirupapuliyur(Cuddalore New Town) Railway Station in the Chennai- Trichirapalli main line of the Southern Railway. This ancient temple is situated in between the sacred OUSHADHAGIRI ( HILL ) and GARUDA NATHI ( RIVER GADILAM) which is considered to be as holy as River Gangesas it flows towards North in this sacred place, Befitting its name UTHARAVAHANI.
The Presiding diety of this temple is LORD DEVANATHA. He is known by several other names as well: DASA SATYAR, DEIVANAYAGAN, ACHUTA, and MEVOOJOTHI etc. Lord Devanatha gave darsan to Chola king in trinity form i.e. Sri Brahma, Sri. Vishnu and Sri. Rudra and he is in such a trinity form in this place. Thirumangai Alwar has sung 10 pasurams about Lord Devanatha and in one of which he refers to the Lord as ‘MOOVARAHIA ORUVAN’. There is legend to tell us that Lord Devanatha condescended to come down and take abode in this place in response to the prayers of Lord Brahma, Lord Siva, Indra, Brugu, Markendeya, Prahlada, Boomidevi and others. Even now we can see the images of Markendeya and Booma devi in the Sanctum Sanctorium, on either side of Lord Devanatha. The Presiding Deity Sri Devanatha is considered to be a twin deity of Lord Venkateswara of TIRUPATHI and so the offerings vowed to Sri. Venkateswara of Tirupathi are being offered to Lord Devanatha by the devotees. Shale vouch in this place is VILVA TREE. The importance of this is narrated in Prahbandapuranam, Skandapuranam and Brahanna rathyeeyam.
The Godess worshipped in this temple is SENGAMALA THAYAR(HEMABUJAVALLI) Godess Lakshmi, who incarnated Herself in the mids of a lotus flower in the form of a three year old child. She was brought up by Brugu Munivar, who gave her the appellation ‘THARANGA MUGUA NANDHINI’ to indicate how she enjoyed watching the beauty of the waves of the sea nearby
LORD SRI RAMA in his grand form has been sung by Sri Desika in his RAGHUWEERA GADYAM, as the matchless Mahaveera.
This temple is held in high esteem and veneration by devotees because of the special association of the great Vaishnavite Acharya SRI NIGAMANTHA MAHA DESIKA born in 13th century. Sri. Desika chose to stay here for about 40 years magnatised by the divine beauty of the presiding Deity of this ancient temple and the place. It was here in OUSHADAGIRI(HILLOCK). Sri Desika performed penance to invoke GARUDA for initiation into HAYAGRIVA MANTRA when the scholar flourished to full divinity to become the peerless. NIGAMANTHA MAHA DESIKA. It is the glory of this place that there is a temple to Lord Lakshmi Hayagriva(Mahavishnu with horse face) in the Hill which is not found anywhere else in the country (only recently one or two shrines are heard to have been consecrated newly to Sri Hayagriva in south India).
Here the Lord gives darshan in standing posture as Devanatha, in sitting posture as Ahindrapuranatha and in Sayana Tirukolam(Lying Posture) as Palli kondanathar. There are separate shrines within this temple for Sri Rama, Sr. Rajagopalan, Sri. Venugopalan, Smt. Andal, Sri. Chakkarathalvar and also for Alwars and Desika