Horticulture

DEPARTMENT OF HORTICULTURE AND PLANTATION CROPS.

DETAILS OF THE SCHEME IMPLEMENTED IN CUDDALORE DISTRICT

OBJECTIVES


To increase the quantum of production and productivity of horticultural crops.

To promote Cultivation of horticultural crops.

To undertake effective extension activities for creating awareness among the gravers to cultivate horticultural crops and to popularise improved production technologies among the farmers

STAFF PATTERN

The Assistant Director of Horticulture is the District officer with headquarter at Cuddalore. There are three Horticultural Officers working under the control of Assistant Director of Horticulture having the headquarter at Cuddalore, Chidambaram and Vridhachalam. There are 20 Assistant Agricultural Officer and 4 Field Demonstration Officer working as field level functionaries at Block Level.

SCHEME

The Department of Horticulture is implementing various Central and State Government schemes in Cuddalore District to create awareness among the farmers in bringing new area under Horticulture Crops duely adopting the improved production technologies and there by improving the Production and Productivity and this will pave way to improve the Socio Economic status of the farming community. The details of the schemes are as follows.

INTEGRATED HORTICULTURE DEVELOPMENT SCHEME

Quality Pedigree fruit plants in Mango, Jack, Sapota and Amla, High yielding and Hybrid Vegetable seeds in Bhendi, Tomato, Brinjal, Chillies, Greens, Cluterbeans, Moringa and Gourds, Hybrid Cole Vegetable seeds in Cabbage, Cauliflower, Beetroot, knolkhol, Beans and Radish and Commercial flower Crops like Crossandra and Rose are distributed at 50% subsidy to the farmers. The subsidy limit per farmer is 1 Ha under fruits and 0.5Ha. under Vegetables. During the year 2003-2004 756 hectars have been brought under cultivation with the above mentioned horticultural crops involving the financial outlay of Rs.9.35 Lakhs.

During the year 2004-2005 it is programmed to bring 65 ha under fruits, 340 hectars under Hybrid and High yielding Vegetables and 5 ha under Commercial flowers with the financial involvement of Rs.21.530 Lakhs.

INTEGRATED PROGRAMME FOR DEVELOPMENT OF CASHEW

Cashew is a predominant crop in Cuddalore District. It earns more of foreign exchange. Hence this crop gains much importance. It is quite essential to bring more area under Cashew besides replacing the existing unproductive old orchard with clonal plants to improve the production and productivity of the crop. Government of India extends almost full subsidy for the planting material @ Rs.3.200 per hectar for 200 Cashew grafts. Though one graft cost Rs.17/-, only one rupee is collected per graft from the farmer as farmers contribution. During the year 2003-2004 600 hectars have been covered with Cashew grafts involving the financial outlay of Rs.22.2 Lakhs

During the year 2004-2005 it is programmed to bring 750hectar under Cashew with Cashew grafts with the financial outlay of Rs.24.00 Lakhs.

More over 600 farmers will be given training on improved production technologies besides involving 1200 farmers in plant protection Campaign with the financial outlay of Rs.0.438 Lakhs. Apart from this 150 farmers will be taken to education tour to other National Research Centre for Cashew located in different states to know the Technique. About 120 farmers will be trained on Cashew grafting to meet out their own requirement. Altogether a sum of Rs.30.708 will be incurred to implement the above scheme.

INTEGRATED PROGRAMME FOR DEVELOPMENT OF FRUITS.


Quality Pedigree plants under Guava, Mango, Sapota, Jack are distributed at 25% Subsidy to create awareness among the farmers and thereby improve the production and productivity of fruit crops. During 2003-2004 350 hectars have been brought under cultivation in Guava and Banana involving Rs.7.081 Lakhs.

During this year 2004-2005 it is Programmed to bring 200 hectars under Guava, 15 hectars under Mango, 5 hectars under Sapota and 10 hectars under Jack with the financial implication of Rs.4.250 Lakhs. More over 50 Nos. of Plant Protection equipment will be distributed at 25% subsidy with the financial implication of Rs.2.500 Lakhs and maximum limit of subsidy per unit is Rs.5000/-. Apart from this 150 farmers will be taken to Fruit Research Stations in Tamil Nadu and other states to know the Techniques with the financial outlay of Rs.2.250 Lakhs. Altogether Rs.11.500 Lakhs will be incurred to implement the above scheme.

INTEGRATED PROGRAMME FOR DEVELOPMENT OF SPICES.

To improve the production and Productivity, good quality high yielding and hybrid Spice seeds and vital inputs are supplied to the farmers at 25% subsidy. During the year 2003-2004 377 farmers were involved in area expansion and field demonstration of Chillies with the outlay of Rs.6.065 Lakhs.

During this year 2004-2005 it is Programmed to bring 50 hectars under area expansion of Chillies besides laying 500 Nos. of field demonstration plots in Chillies at 25% subsidy involving the financial implication of Rs.5.250 Lakhs. The Maximum subsidy limit for area expansion is Rs.500 per hectar and Rs.750 per 0.1 hectar for field demonstrations.

INTEGRATED PROGRAMME FOR DEVELOPMENT OF VEGETABLES INCLUDING ROOT AND TUBER CROPS


Farmers participatory demonstrations are being laid in the farmers holding with Hybrid seeds. Hybrid seeds and vital inputs are supplied to farmers at full assistance. 50 Nos. of field demonstrations were laid during 2003 -2004 with the outlay of Rs.5.00 Lakhs. The maximum limit per hectar is Rs.10,000. Integrated pest management were adopted in 350 hectars involving Rs.5.250 Lakhs. Seventy five farmers were taken to education tour to Karnataka and Andhra, Research Station incurring the expenditure of Rs.1.175 Lakhs to educate the farmers in advanced production Technologies.

During this year 2004-2005 it is Programmed to lay 100 Nos. of farmers participatory demonstrations with the financial assistance of Rs.10.00 Lakhs. Three Villages will be selected for seed village concept incurring Rs.7.50 Lakhs @ Rs.2.5. Lakhs per Village at 25% assistance for the production of good quality vegetable seeds. Apart from this 150 farmers will taken to other state research Station with the assistance of Rs.2.250 Lakhs. Altogether a sum of Rs.20.750 Lakhs will be incurred to implement the above scheme.

INTEGRATED PROGRAMME FOR DEVELOPMENT OF MEDICINAL AND AROMATIC PLANTING .

To bring new area under medicinal plants 25% assistance is provided to NGOS/ Co-Operatives at the rate of Rs.12500 per hectar. To popularise the medicinal plants Minikits in new kinds worth of Rs.1000 per 0.01 ha. are distributed to the farmers. During the year 2003-2004 5 hectars under area expansion, 150 Nos. under demonstrations and 10 Minikits were covered with the outlay of Rs.2.100 Lakhs.

During the year 2004-2005 it is programmed to bring 10 hectars under coleus at 25% assistance @ Rs.2000/hectar and 2 hectars under high value crop like Steviae, Gloriosa. etc., at 25% assistance involving Rs.0.20 Lakhs. Apart from this 50 Nos. of drying sheets for shade drying the Medicinal plants and 60 Nos. of Medicinal Minikits will be distributed involving the expenditure of Rs.1.60 Lakhs. Although a sum of Rs.2.00 will be incurred to implement the scheme.

INTEGRATED PROGRAMME FOR DEVELOPMENT OF COMMERCIAL FLORICULTURE.

To popularise the commercial floriculture among farmers good quality planting materials under Bulbus varities (Tube Rose, Orchids etc.,) Graft variety (Rose) and seed varieties (Marigold, Crossandra) are supplied to farmers at 25% assistance. The size of the plot is 0.2 ha.. The Assistance limit for Bulbus, Graft and seed varieties are Rs.10000/- Rs.7500 and Rs.2000 per plot respectively. Demonstration units are being setup @ Rs.60,000 per 0.4 ha. duely following Hi-Tech Horticulture like drip, Shadenet Cultivation etc., During the year 2003-2004 Rs.3.567 Lakhs was incurred to bring 13.4 ha. under area expansion and laying 56 Demonstration plots besides taking 50 farmers to other States for education Tour.

During this year 2004-2005 it is Programmed to bring 10 plots under Bulbus, Two plots under grafts varieties and 75 plots under seed varieties with the outlay of Rs.3.40 Lakhs. More over 5 Demonstration units will be setup at the cost Rs.3.00 Lakhs. A sum of Rs.10.00 Lakhs will be incurred to bring 10,000 Sq. meter under shadenet cultivation. One floriculture auction unit will be setup at the cost of Rs.1.00 Lakhs and Rs.1.5 Lakhs will be incurred on education tour to 150 farmers. Altogether Rs.19.00 Lakhs will be incurred to implement the above scheme.

INTEGRATED PROGRAMME FOR DEVELOPMENT OF MUSHROOM CULTIVATION.

Training for 150 farmers on Mushroom Cultivation (including Tour to other State Mushroom Centre) for 5 days will be given during this financial year 2004-2005 with the outlay of Rs.0.750 Lakhs.

INNOVATIVE PROGARMME FOR DEVELOPMENT OF HORTICULTURE

Assistance of Rs.10,000 per hectar is provided to establish Hi-Tech Horticulture Nursery and there by to train the farmers to produce good quality pedigree plants by themselves. Technical input Providers are provided for the selective villages to follow the latest Techniques. During the year 2003-2004 25 hectars Hi-Tech Horticulture Nursery established at the cost of Rs.2.5 Lakhs. During this year 2004-2005 it is programmed to establish 25 hectars Hi-Tech Nursery at the Cost of Rs.2.5 Lakhs besides providing 15 Technical input providers with the outlay of Rs.9.00 Lakhs. Apart from this a sum of Rs.1.6 Lakhs will be incurred for training the extension functionaries in order to strengthen the latest Techniques. Altogether a sum of Rs.13.10 Lakhs will be incurred to implement the above scheme.

MODEL VILLAGE

Village which are having larger area in a particular crop or having scope for bringing new area for a particular horticulture crop will be identified and selected as model village. Horticulture Scheme activities will be implemented in those villages in compact manner for the particular crops. Farmers from other villages will be going over to the model village and able to under stand the impact of the scheme activities on improving the quantum of production and productivity of Horticulture Crops.

During 2004-2005 it is programmed to select 16 villages as model villages in Cuddalore District. Of which Six villages for Cashew, Three villages for Vegetables, Two villages for Medicinal Plants, Three villages for Flowers and Two Villages for Fruits are selected for implementation. Horticultural schemes in respective crops will be implemented in this model villages besides following latest Techniques like Cisel Plowing Ridge forming, Drip irrigation, Controlled Cultivation, Vermicompost, Panchakavya, etc.,

STATE HORTICULTURE FARM, NEYVELI AND VRIDHACHALAM

The State Horticulture Farm, Neyveli is situated in 4th Block, Neyveli Township, Neyveli and is 3 kms. away from central bus stand, Neyveli. The farm was started in the year 1985 in the Government order No. G.O.Ms. No. 389 Agri. II Dept. Dated 06.03.1985.

The State Horticulture Farm, Vridhachalam is situated in Kattukudalore Main Road in Anna Nagar, Vridhachalan and is 2 Kms away from Vridhachalam Bus stand within the municipal limit in Vridhachalam Taluk in Cuddalore District. The Farm was Started in the year 1975 in the Government Order No. G.O.Ms. No. 1569 Agri. II Dept. Dated 15.10.1975.

The main objects of the State Horticulture Farms are to produce good quality, pedigree fruit plants, plantation crops like Cashew Grafts, flower plants , economic plants and Ornamental plants to meet out the requirement of the needy farming community of this District besides serve as a model orchard for the public to cultivate tropical fruits, economic plants etc., and providing employment opportunity to the landless Agricultural labourers of the near by and surrounding villages.

The State Horticulture Farm, Neyveli has total area of 100 Acres. Out the total area 14.50 Acres planted with mother plants ( Closer Planting area) having different choice varieties of Mango, Guava, Sapota, Jack, Amla and minor fruit plants. Rest of the area is planted with bulk planting of different varieties of Mangoes, Sapota and Cashew.

The State Horticulture farm, Neyveli is overall managed by one Horticulture Officer and supported by One Asst. Agriculture Officer, One Demonstration Officer, One Junior Assistant(Security), Two Skilled Propagators, Two Watchman, Two Unskilled Mazdoor and One Junior Tractor Driver. The farm is having adequate infrastructure facilities like office cum Godown, Seven staff quarters, Four work sheds, Four borewells with 20 HP submersible motor pumpsets, One Poly green house, Seven Mist Chamber, One Marsey furgusan Tractor and One Power tiller.

The State Horticulture Farm, Vridhachalam has total area of 10.43 hectars. Out of the total area of 10.43 hectars 3.00 hectars Planted with mother plants having different choice varieties of Mango, Guava, Sapota, Jack, Amla and minor fruits. Rest of the area is planted with bulk planting of different varieties of Mango and Cashew. Cashew mother plants are VRI-II and VRI-III varieties. State Horticulture Farm, Vridhachalam is under the direct control of Assistant Director of Horticulture, Cuddalore. The Farm is overall managed by one Horticulture Officer and supported by One Asst. Agricultural Officer, One Office Assistant, One Skilled Propagator, One Watchman and One unskilled Mazdoor. The Farm is having adequate infrastructure facilities like office cum Godown, Staff quarters, Worksheds, Three Borewells with 15 HP submersible Motor pumpsets, One Poly green house, Six Mist Chamber and One Power Tiller.

Cashew Grafts Production is mainly concentrated in both the State Horticulture Farms to meet out the requirements of the southern Districts like Kanyakumari, Tuticorin, Thirunelveli, Ramnad, Dindigul and other Districts besides our local District needs. Annually on an average of about 5.00 Lakhs Cashew grafts are being produced, besides the production of Mango grafts, Guava Layers, Sapota grafts and other economical plants of about 1.00 Lakhs plants. Both the State Horticulture Farm, Neyveli and Vridhachalam are continuously running in profit.