Department of Fisheries
Assistant Director of Fisheries (Aquaculture)
As per the G.O. No-58 of Animal Husbandry and Fisheries Dept. dated 27-04-2000, the Department of Fisheries reorganised the departmental activities on functional basis. Accordingly, the Assistant Director of Fisheries (Aquaculture) with headquarters at Chidambaram started functioning from 01-08-2000. The complete inland fisheries activities of Cuddalore Dt. and brackishwater fisheries activities of both Cuddalore and Villupuram Dt. are being governed by this office.
I) CUDDALORE DISTRICT FISH FARMERS DEVELOPMENT AGENCY
The Fish Farmers Development Agency (F.F.D.A.) was functioning from 1981 at Cuddalore under the Chairmanship of District Collector and functioning at Chidambaram from 01-08-2000. The Asst. Director of Fisheries (Aquaculture) Chidambaram, the Chief Executive Officer is implementing the schemes of FFDA, basically for the promotion of Fresh Water Aquaculture.
Now there are 41 Panchayat tanks with an extent of 26.90 hectares and 213 private tanks with an extent of 185 hectares are operated by this Agency. Training on various aspects of aquafarming, fish seed production, cage culture, ornamental fish breeding and other technological aspects are imparted to the fish farmers. Bankable project reports are also being prepared for this private farmers to establish a fish farm on scientific lines in their own land. Financial assistances in the form of subsidy and also technical assistance are given to them.
II) CUDDALORE DISTRICT BRACKISHWATER FISH FARMERS DEVELOPMENT AGENCY
The Brackishwater Fish Farmers Development Agency (B.F.D.A.) was established in the year 1911 under the chairmanship of District Collector at Cuddalore. The Asst. Director of Fisheries (Aquaculture), Chidambaram is the Chief Executive Officer implementing the schemes of the Agency
210 brackishwater fishfarmers of Cuddalore and Villupuram Districts have been registered as a member of this Agency. The aim of this agency is to promote brackishwater aqua farming, mainly shrimp culture in the suitable coastal areas in eco- friendly and sustainable way thereby producing export oriented shrimps. Training of shrimp farmers, preparation of project works are being carried out apart from giving them the technical and financial assistance.
III) ACTVITIES ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF GUIDELINES OF AQUACULTURE AUTHORITY OF INDIA
The Supreme Court of India has constituted the Aquaculture Authority under the Chairmanship of Justice K.Ramanujam to regularize the shrimp farming activities. State Level Committee and District Level committee of this authority are formed. District Level Committee under the Chairmanship of District Collector process the application of shrimp farmers, inspect the farms/farm sites and recommend the same to State Level Committee, The Aquaculture Authority of India will issue the approval orders after scrutinizing the reports forwarded by the State Level Committee. So far 89 applications were recommended and 13 applications were rejected. 89 such recommended shrimp farms were issued with approval by acquaculture Authority of India
IV) INTENSIVE INLAND FISH CULTURE AND MARKETING SCHEME
The scheme was sanctioned in G.O.Ms.No. 1286 Forest and Fisheries Department dated 09-11-1984, The object of the scheme is to exploit the available inland water resources owned by the revenue, Public Works Department and other departments for better fish production by intensively stocking with quick growing fish seeds to increase fish production. Now as per the G.O.Ms.No.33 Animal Husbandry and Fisheries Department, the fishery rights are being auctioned for 3 consecutive years. There are 106 such lakes with effective water spread area of 4060 hectares available in this district are taken up through this scheme.
V) FISH SEED PRODUCTION BY INDUCED BREEDING METHOD
One fish seed production centre is functioning under the control of this office at Lalpet. The function of this unit is to produce fish seeds of quick growing varieties of Indian major carps and few exotic carps by induced methods. The seeds thus produced will be supplied to various departmental waters, panchayat tanks and also to private parties. The annual target fixed for this unit is 125 lakhs of fish early fry.
VI) RESERVOIR FISHERY
The Wellington Reservoir at Tittagudi Taluk with a total extent of 780 hectares wherein the reservoir fisheries scheme is implemented by this office. In this reservoir, fish seeds are regularly stocked every year conserved and exploited. The exploitation is done by the members of fisherman co-operative societies on share basis.A target of 2.5 lakhs for fish seed stocking and 9 tonnes for fish exploitation are fixed.
VII) RESEARCH WORKS
Three research units are functioning under the control of this office having their headquarters at Chidambaram, Parangipettai and Marakkanam. This units deal with the following problems allotted then and there by the State Fisheries Research Council.
1. Environmental impact assessment of shrimp farming in Cuddalore and Villupuram Districts.
2. Diagnosis and curative measures for the shrimp diseases.
3. Crab fattening-its economic aspects.
4. Experimental culture of Sea bass and other fin fishes
VIII) TRAINING & EXTENSION
Under centrally sponsored scheme, funds have been provided to conduct training to Freshwater fish farmers and Brackishwater fish farmers under which in 2002- 2003, 100 fish/prawn farmers were trained by this office. The duration of the training is 15 days, with a stipend of Rs. 75/person/day. Training on fish farming and ornamental fish breeding is also given to Women's Self Help Group under the Vocational Training Programme for 6 days. Under this Scheme, 108 members were trained by this office during 2002-2003.
IX) INLAND FISHERMAN CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETY ACTIVITIES
28 Inland fisherman co-operative societies are functioning under the control of this office, out of which 6 fisherwomen co-operative societies are included. All sorts of welfare activities are being implemented through this societies. The main welfare activities of the scheme is free housing, fisherman insurance scheme, leasing out the provincialised waters for fishing to the Fisherman co-operative society, provision of market infrastructural facilities,etc.
X) FISHERIES DEVELOPMENT MISSION
The following projects are carried out under Fisheries Development Mission for 5 years from 2002-2003.
1. Increasing the fishing wealth of coastal water by sea ranching.
2. Improvement of coastal aqua-culture activities.
3. Popularisation of fresh water fish culture with fresh water prawn.