d

 

GEOGRAPHICAL FEATURES;


Cuddalore district is predominantly agricultural district with the coastal line stretching from Puducherry Union Territory in the North to the mouth of the river Coleroon in the South. The total geographical area of the district is 4283 sq.km. with the coastal line of 68 kms The boundaries of the district are:


East : Bay of Bengal

West : Villupuram District

North : Union Territory of Puducherry



DISTRICT PROFILE AT A GLANCE


1.

GEOGRAPHICAL AREA (Sq.Kms.)




a) No. of Blocks / Taluks

:

13 / 7


b) No of Panchayat villages

:

683


c) No. of Town Panchayats

:

16


d) No. of Municipal Centres

:

6


e) No. of Townships

:

1





2.

Agro – Climatic Region & Zone

:

Zone-II – East Coast plains and Hills.

3.

Classification of Workers




a) Cultivators

:

186000


b) Small & Marginal farmers

:

169000


c) Agricultural labourers

:

449000


d) Artisans

:

3000


e) Household cottage industries

:

30000


f) Allied Agro activities

:

N.A


g) Other Workers

:

308000


4.

Land Utilisation (Ha.)

:



a) Geographical area

:

367781


b) Net Sown Area

:

216148


c) Forest Area

:

1415


d) Fallow lands (current & other)

:

51327


e) Uncultivable Waste land

:

14647


f) Non Agriculture use

:

42495


g) Other Lands not available for cultivation

:

41749


h) Cropping Intensity

:

128 %


i) Area under high yielding variety seeds (in ha.)

:

N.A


5.

Size of Holdings:


No.

(%)

Area (Ha.)

(%)


a) Less than 1 Ha.

:

247454

77.5

89118

34.7


b) Between 1 – 2 Ha.

:

43269

13.7

59156

23.8


c) Above 2 Ha.

:

24217

08.8

88798

41.5


TOTAL

:

314940

100

237072

100


6.

Irrigation (in Ha.)

:



a) Net Irrigated Area

:

146611


b) By Canals

:

43624


c) By tanks

:

6960


d) By Wells

:

95009


e) By others

:

1018

7.

Consumption of Organic and Chemical Fertilizers and Pesticides (per Ha.)

:

188 Kg. of Chemical fertilizer

0.8 Kg. (Dust) of Pesticides.


8.

Agriculture Support Facilities:




a) Seeds / Fertilizers / Pesticides depot

:

:

29


b) Rural Markets / Mandis

:

10 (Regulated Markets)


c) Rural Godowns

:

5


d) Cold Storages

:

Nil.


Rainfall (mm)


Sl.

No.

Season

Normal

Percen-tage

Actual Rainfall

2007

2008

2009

1.

Winter(Jan-Feb)

54.1

4

21.4

103.5

12.8

2.

Summer (Mar-May)

95.7

7

58.4

317.9

256.93

3.

South West monsoon

(June-Sept)

392.4

30%

449.5

297.2

186.01

4.

North East Monsoon

(Oct-Dec)

773.7

59%

892.9

1079.2



Total

1315.9

100

1422.2

1797.8




Water level in Major Irrigation sources:-


Sl. No.

Name of the Irrigation source

Full level (ft.)

1

Mettur

120.00

2

Veeranam

47.50

3.

Wallajah

5.50

4.

Perumal

6.50

5.

Wellington

29.78


Name of the Rivers / Lakes:


    1. Gadilam

    2. Pennar

    3. Vellar

    4. Veeranam

    5. Perumal Eri

    6. Wellington Lake


Major Food, Commercial, Plantation and Horticultural Crops:


Paddy, Sugarcane, Groundnut, Millets, Pulses, etc. are the major crops grown in the district.


Apart from the above crops, Horticultural crops like Cashew, Banana, Tapioca, Guava, Jack fruit, Mango, etc. are grown in various parts of the district. The district is famous for Cashew cultivation as 60% of the State’s production is accounted for by the district.


10. Profile of one major commodity of the Cuddalore District – Paddy.


Paddy is the major crop of the district covering an area of around 1,10,000 Ha. on an average. The average productivity of the crop is 3750 Kg./Ha. The crop is grown in almost all the blocks of the district. Wherever there is assured irrigation facilities, paddy is grown both during Samba and Kuruvai seasons and where the irrigation is dependent on canal water, the crop is grown during Samba only. In delta blocks, viz. Kumaratchi and Kattumannarkoil, rice fallow pulses are also cultivated in the paddy fields.


System of Rice Intensification (SRI) is the latest technology which is widely popularized both by Agriculture Department and Krishi Vigyan Kendra and the farmers are evincing lot of interest in adopting this technology. Paddy cultivation target for the district for the year 2008-09 is set as 122000 Ha. of which SRI would be 47900 Ha. The popular varieties grown are White Ponni, Ponmani (Savithri), ADT.43, ADT.39, BPT 5204 etc. To market the produce there are regulated markets set up at various places in the district. In addition to this, the Tamilnadu Civil Supplies Corporation has set up Direct Procurement Centres at various places, where the SMP is offered to the farmers.


NATIONAL AGRICULTURE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME:-


Tamilnadu has got a allocation of Rs.185.31 Crores from Government of India under National Agriculture Development Programme. The details of important projects under the programme are given below:-


1.

Precision farming

Rs. 63.68 Crores.

2.

Agri Clinics and Mini Soil Testing Laboratories

Rs. 7.17 “

3.

Vermi Compost Model units

Rs. 8.71 “

4.

Development of clusters of Horticulture crops / Bio mass tree plantation on dry lands.

Rs. 4.70 “

5.

Facilities for Seed Production, Breeder Seed Production, Training, Back-end subsidy for farmers, Self Help Groups and evaluation / monitoring and field visit

Rs. 22.25 “


  1. Cuddalore has been identified as a non-focused district for implementation of the programme. Under this programme, it is proposed to take up precision farming in 90 Ha. for sugarcane cultivation, setting up of automatic Weather Station and setting up of Agri Clinics with Mini Testing Labs. (5 units). Annagramam, Kurinjipadi, Keerapalayam, Kattumannarkoil and Kumaratchi blocks have been chosen for implementation of NADP. Under precision farming identified farmers would be provided subsidy of Rs.40,000/- per Ha. for installation of drip irrigation devices. For setting up Agri Clinics, 50% subsidy (Rs.3.00 lakhs) would be provided to each identified beneficiary. The scheme is being implemented in the current year and is expected to continue.


  1. System of Rice Intensification (SRI):


It is a new technology for increasing the rice production, reducing the cost of cultivation and increasing the agricultural income. The advantages are less seed requirement, mat nursery method, young seed transplantation, single seedling in square planting method, water saving upto 50% using conoweeder to plough back the weeds, getting higher tillering which enhances yield and hence high income.


In Cuddalore district, during the year 2007-08, out of the total paddy coverage of 122688 Ha., SRI coverage was 35200 Ha. For the year 2008-09, the paddy coverage target is 122000 Ha. of which SRI coverage would be 47900 ha. To encourage the farmers to go for SRI cultivation, the State Government is providing an incentive of Rs.23000 per hectare which includes Conoweeder and other inputs. Farmers are also provided training on this method by the Agriculture Department as well as by Krishi Vigyan Kendra., Vridhachalam.


  1. Seed Village Scheme:


Seed Village Scheme is under implementation in this district from 2006-07 onwards. The Agriculture Department identifies pockets for better seed production and chooses atleast 50 willing farmers for production of Certified seeds of the same crop in the same area. The identified farmers would be provided foundation / Certified seeds @ 50% cost and also training in different phases to enable them to produce quality seeds.


TARGET UNDER AREA COVERAGE , PRODUCTION AND PRODUCTIVITY – 2009-10


Sl. No.

Crop

Normal Area (Ha.)

Area coverage Target (Ha.)

Production Target (MT)

Productivity Target (Kg./Ha.)

1

Paddy

117000

122000

463600

3800 (Rice)

2

Total Millets

19000

30300

77100

2550

3

Total Pulses

56000

72700

45164

620

4

Total Oilseeds

35000

39250

70859

1810

5

Cotton (Bales)

2300

4000

11000

450

(Lint)

6

Sugarcane

35000

40000

540000

13.5 (Gur)


Total

264300

308250




NAME OF THE SCHEMES UNDER IMPLEMENTATION DURING 2009-10 IN CUDDALORE DISTRICT.


STATE SCHEMES:

  1. CROP YIELD COMPETITION

  2. PADDY AND MILLETS SEED PROCUREMENT

  3. PULSES SEED PROCUREMENT

  4. GREEN MANURE SEEDS PROCUREMENT

  5. BLUE GREEN ALGAE PRODUCTION

  6. VERMI COMPOST DEMONSTRATION TRAINING

  7. CROP AND PLANT PROTECTION SCHEME

  8. RELEASE OF PARASITES IN SUGARCANE

  9. CONTROL OF PESTS IN COCONUT AND OILSEEDS CROP

  10. OILSEEDS PRODUCTION PROGRAMME

  11. COCONUT DEVELOPMENT SCHEME

  12. NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL INSURANCE SCHEME


SCHEMES SHARED BETWEEN STATE AND CENTRE:


  1. ISOPOM – OILSEEDS

  2. ISOPOM – PULSES

  3. ISOPOM – OIL PALM

  4. COTTON TECHNOLOGY MINI MISSION.

  5. CEREALS DEVELOPMENT SCHEME

  6. NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME.

  7. INNOVATIVE SCHEMES

  8. TANWABE

  9. NATIONAL FOOD SECURITY SCHEME

  10. COCONUT DEVELOPMENT SCHEME

  11. SEED VILLAGE SCHEME

  12. ATMA

DETAILS OF OFFICERS WITH DESIGNATION AND CONTACT NUMBERS:-


NAME OF THE OFFICER

DESIGNATION & INCHARGE OF THE BLOCK.

STD CODE

Office No.

BABU.K

J.D.AGRI. I/c, Cuddalore & DY.DIRECTOR OF AGRICULTURE

(GOI SCHEMES) CUDDALORE DIST.

04142

290658

RADHAKRISHNAN.M

DY.DIRECTOR OF AGRICULTURE

(STATE SCHEMES) CUDDALORE DIST.

04142

290658

SUNDARARAJAN.T

ASST.DIRECTOR OF AGRI.

(QUALITY CONTROL) CUDDALORE DIST.

04142

290658

ELAVARASAN.S

ASST. DIRECTOR OF AGRI, CUDDALORE

04142

290076

ASOKAN. R

ASST. DIRECTOR OF AGRI. KURINJIPADI

04142

258555

HARIDOSS, P

ASST. DIRECTOR OF AGRI. PANRUTI

04142

244666

SAMPATHKUMAR.R

ASST. DIRECTOR OF AGRI. ANNAGRAMAM

04142

277144

DHANASEKAR.E

ASST. DIRECTOR OF AGRI. PARANGIPETTAI

04144

230079

KANAGASABAI.N

ASST. DIRECTOR OF AGRI. BHUVANAGIRI

04144

240025

VIJAYAKUMAR.E

ASST. DIRECTOR OF AGRI. KEERAPALAYAM

04144

240015

GANESAN. A

ASST. DIRECTOR OF AGRI. KATTUMANNARKOIL

04144

261155

LAKSHMANAN.

ASST. DIRECTOR OF AGRI. KUMARATCHI

04144

251256

ANBAZHAGAN.L

ASST. DIRECTOR OF AGRI. VRIDHACHALAM

04143

238749

ANBAZHAGAN.L

ASST. DIRECTOR OF AGRI. i/c KAMMAPURAM

04143

267257

PANNEERSELVAM.M

ASST. DIRECTOR OF AGRI. MANGALORE

04143

248240

APPANRAJ. V

ASST. DIRECTOR OF AGRI. NALLUR

04143

249377



DETAILS OF SUBSIDY SCHEMES UNDER IMPLEMENTATION DURING 2009-2010 IN AGRICULTURE DEPARTMENT, CUDDALORE DISTRICT


Sl. No.

Name of the Scheme

Unit

Total details of subsidy schemes

Physical Target

Financial Target (L.Rs.)

I

STATE SCHEMES

 

 

318.39

 

Paddy & Millets Procurement

M.T

1100

95.00

 

Pulses seed procurement

M.T

114

24.43

 

Oilseeds Production Programme

 

 

 

 

Procurement of Oilseeds

M.T

190

38.00

 

Procurement of Green Manure seeds

M.T

12

0.46

 

National Agrl. Insurance Scheme

 

 

160.00

 

Coconut Parasites Production and distribution

Ha.

450

 

 

Crop Yield Competition

Nos.

 

 

 

State Level

Nos.

2

..

 

District Level

Nos.

2

0.500



State & Centre shared schemes 


II.

National Agrl. Dev. Programme

 

 

174.38


 

Foundation Seed Production

Qtl.

3024

30.240


 

Breeder Seed Production

Qtl.

7.2

0.377


 

Certified Seed Production and Distribution

Qtl.

2880

34.56


 

Agrl. Implements (Seed Drill, Rotovater)

Nos.

72

8.65


 

Tarpaulin

Nos.

630

13.23


 

Storage Bins (1 Ton, 0.7 Ton)

Nos.

210

9.00


 

Farmers Exposure Visit

Nos.

3

3.75


 

Power Tiller

Nos.

50

22.50


 

Gypsum Distribution

Ha.

1680

12.60


 

Distribution of Plant Protection Equipments

Ha.

400

3.2


 

DAP spray in Pulses

Ha.

1838

1.838


 

Biocides spray

Ha.

2340

11.7


 

IPM

Ha.

1680

12.6


 

Pipeline distribution

Ha.

30

2.25


 

Farmers Training (50 Farmers / Training)

Nos.

35

5.95


III.

ISOPOM - OILSEEDS

 

 

59.416


 

Breeder Seed Production

Qtl.

12

0.540


 

Foundation Seed Production

Qtl.

60

0.600


 

Certified seed production

Qtl.

1600

1.600


 

Certified Seed distribution

Qtl.

1600

19.200


 

Bio fertilizers distribution

Ha.

5000

5.000


 

IPM & Farmers Field School

Nos.

6

1.360


 

Hand sprayer distribution

Nos.

20

0.600


 

Gypsum distribution

Ha.

1300

6.500


 

Farmers Training (50 Farmers / Training)

Nos.

12

1.800


 

Power Operated sprayers distribution

Nos.

20

0.400


 

Bio Fertilizers distribution

Nos.

320

0.800


 

Field Demonstration Plot – Oilseeds

Nos.

4

0.160


 

Field Demonstration Plot – Gingelly.

Nos.

1

0.030

IV.

ISOPOM - OILPALM

 

 

63.250

 

New Oil palm seedlings cultivation subsidy (145 Nos. / Ha.)

Ha.

425

29.750

 

II Year cultivation and Maintenance subsidy

Ha.

376

9.210

 

III Year cultivation & Maintenance subsidy

Ha.

307

8.600

 

IV year Cultivation & Maintenance subsidy

Ha.

59

1.920

 

Drip Irrigation to Small & Marginal Farmers

Ha.

60

4.180

 

Farmers Training (50 Farmers / Training)

Nos..

12

2.400

V.

SEED VILLAGE SCHEME:

 

 

145.85

 

Paddy, Pulses & Oilseeds Seed Distribution

MT.

120

68.1

 

Storage Bins distribution (1 Mt, 0.7 Mt. capacity)

Nos.

1010

15.4

VI.

COCONUT DEVELOPMENT SCHEME

 

 

 

 

Demonstration Plots

Nos.

10

1.75

VII.

I.C.D.P. (RICE)

 

 

105.430

 

Certified Seed Distribution

M.T

950

47.500

 

SRI – Demonstration Plot 10 Ha. / Plot

Nos.

68

51.000

 

IPM & FARMERS FIELD SCHOOL

NOS.

39

6.630

viii

ICDP (COTTON)

 

 

1.075

ix

ATMA



51.65

x

National Agrl. Development Programme



54.00


ABSTRACT

 

STATE SEEDS

 

 

314.44

 

CENTRE & STATE SCHEMES

 

 

288.57

 

NATIONAL FOOD SECURITY SCHEME

 

 

174.377

 

NATIONAL AGRL. DEV. PROGRAMME.



54.00

 

TOTAL

 

 

831.387


DETAILS OF BLOCK-WISE AGRL. EXTENSION CENTRES FUNCTIONING IN CUDDALORE DISTRICT.


Sl. No.

Name of the Block

Main Agrl. Extn. Centre

Sub-Agrl. Extension Centre

1

CUDDALORE

CUDDALORE

1.Thookanampakkam,

2.Keelkumaramangalam

2

KURINJIPADI

KURINJIPADI

3.Kullanchavadi

3

PANRUTI

PANRUTI

..

4

ANNAGRAMAM

ANNAGRAMAM

4.Pudupettai

5

PARANGIPETTAI

PARANGIPETTAI

5.Pinnathur

6.Chidambaram

6

MELBHUVANAGIRI

MELBHUVANAGIRI

7.Sethiathope

7

KEERAPALAYAM

KEERAPALAYAM

8.Nandeeswaramangalam

8

KATTUMANNARKOIL

KATTUMANNARKOIL

9.Srimushnam

10.Ayankudi

9

KUMARATCHI

KUMARATCHI

11.Ammapettai

10

VRIDHACHALAM

VRIDHACHALAM

12.Mangalampettai

11

KAMMAPURAM

KAMMAPURAM

13.Kavanur

14.Neyveli

15.Palakollai


12

MANGALORE

MANGALORE

16.Tittagudi

13

NALLUR

NALLUR

17.Pennadam



RESEARCH STATION (TNAU) AT CUDDALORE DISTRICT:


  1. Sugarcane Research Station, Semmandalam, Cuddalore.

  2. Vegetables Research Station, Palur, Panruti Taluk.

  3. Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Vridhachalam

  4. Regional Research Station (Cashew Research Station), Vridhachalam


TESTING LABORATORIES FUNCTIONING AT CUDDALORE DISTRICT:


  1. Soil Testing Laboratory, Semmandalam, Cuddalore (under the control of Asst. Director of Agriculture, Cuddalore)

  2. Pesticides Testing Laboratory, Semmandalam, Cuddalore (under the control of Asst. Director of Agriculture, Cuddalore)

  3. Bio Fertilizers Production Unit, Semmandalam, Cuddalore (under the control of Asst. Director of Agriculture, Cuddalore)

  4. Sugarcane Parasite Breeding Centre, Semmandalam, Cuddalore. (under the control of Asst. Director of Agriculture, Cuddalore)

  5. Coconut Parasite Breeding Centre, Vridhachalam. (under the control of Asst. Director of Agriculture , Vridhachalam)

 

 

 

VEGETABLE RESEARCH STATION, PALUR

Vegetable Research Station, Palur is situated 17 Kms West of Cuddalore and 10 Kms East of Panruti. Total area of the research station is 55 Acres. This station is engaged in research activities from 1905 onwards. Mainly research activities on vegetable production technology is under-taken in this station. Brinjal variety PLR.1. Jack variety PLR.I and Chilli variety PLR.1 were released from this station so for.

VEERANAM TANK

Veeranam tank, under Lower Coleroon anaicut system is the major tank with an ayacut of 44856 acres. The length of its bund is 16.00 k.m. The fore-shore bund length is 30.60 k.m. The original capacity of this tank was about 1400 Mcft. It has got 34 sluices, the sill level of thelowest is (+)27.69. The sill level of the highest sluice is (+) 40.00. Besides supplying irrigation water, it serves as a source for the drinking water to Chennai Metropolitan water supply scheme also.

    

WELLINGTON RESERVOIR

Wellington Reservoir is situated in Keelacheruvai village of Tittagudi taluk. The reservoir capacity is29'.71" with an ayacut area of 24059 acres. This reservoir is constructed during 1913-1923.